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A brief summary of the differences between the Subclass 482 visa and Subclass 494 visa – Work Visas

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The Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage visa (‘482
visa’) and the Subclass 494 Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional
(Provisional) visa (‘494 visa’) are both employer sponsored
visas. The 494 visa is intended for visa applicants who wish to
live, work and study in a designated regional area in Australia
(excluding Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane) whereas the 482 visa is
not restricted to a particular location within Australia.

Occupation eligibility

An applicant is eligible for the 482 visa if their occupation
falls on the Short-term Skilled Occupations List (STSOL), Medium to
Long Term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) or 482 Regional
Occupations List (ROL).

Occupations that are on the 482 STSOL do not offer a pathway to
permanent residency.

An applicant may be eligible for the 494 visa if their
occupation falls on the Medium to Long Term Strategic Skills List
(MLTSSL) or the 494 ROL. The 494 ROL encompasses a broader range of
occupations and also includes occupations that are on the 482
STSOL.

Pathway to permanent residency

For the 482 visa, there are pathways to permanent residency
through the Subclass 186 visa after either (a) completing 3
years’ full time employment with the sponsor or (b) obtaining a
positive skills assessment and providing evidence of 3 years’
work experience. Both ways require the employer’s support.

For the 494 visa, after 3 years’ full time employment the
visa holder can apply for access to permanent residency through the
Subclass 191 without employer support.

There are restrictions for 494 visa holders in applying for
other permanent visas (such as the Subclass 820, 124, 132, 186,
188, 189, 190 and 858 visas) unless they have held the 494 visa for
at least 3 years. However there are no restrictions for 482 visa
holders to access other permanent visas.

Differences in visa length

The 482 visa can be granted for a period of up to 4 years while
the 494 visa is a provisional visa that is granted for up to 5
years.

Costs involved for employers

The 482 nomination attracts a fee of $330 while there is no
nomination fee for the 494 visa.

The Skilling Australian Fund (SAF) levy payable by an employer
varies depending on the turnover of the business in the most
recently completed financial year and the proposed period of
employment.







Visa Sponsor turnover >$10M Sponsor turnover <$10M
482 $1200 per year $1800 per year
494 $3000 one off $5000 one off

The process

Both visas operate in a similar way and both use the same
‘Standard Business Sponsorship’ to access the visa program.
The two visas have distinct but similar Nomination and Visa
requirements.









Stage Sc 482 Process Sc 494
1. Standard Business Sponsorship
– relates to the sponsoring business
2. 482 Nomination – relates to the position
to be filled
494 Nomination – relates to the position
to be filled
3. Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS)
visa
–relates to the person to be employed.
Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS)
visa
–relates to the person to be employed.

Differences in process

As the 494 visa provides a more streamlined pathway to permanent
residency, the requirements to obtain the visa are higher.



























Requirement 482 494
Nomination MLTSSL
Occupation on relevant list Yes Yes
Labour Market Testing Yes with certain exemptions Yes (no applicable exemptions)
Market Salary Rates Yes (must be at least the Temporary Skilled Migration Income
Threshold of $53,900)
Yes (must be at least the Temporary Skilled Migration Income
Threshold of $53,900)
Genuine Position Yes Yes
Regional Certifying Body advice No Yes
482 Visa


Skill Qualification (Cert III / Dip / Bachelor)* Qualification + Skills Assessment**
Experience Min 2 years’ full time post qualification 3 years’ full time post qualification
Age No age limit Applicant must be under 45 years old at time of
application
Health Yes Yes
Character Yes Yes
English IELTS Minimum 5.0 in each band Competent English i.e. IELTS Minimum 6.0 in each band

* A limited number of occupations require a Skills
Assessment.

**Exemptions are available for academic applicants, subclass
444/461 visa holders or those who have had a previous skills
assessment for a 457 or 482 visa for the same occupation.`

Visa conditions

The 482 visa has less stringent conditions than the 494 visa
which has additional conditions which the primary visa holder must
abide with.





482 visa 494 visa

  • Condition 8607: must only work in the visa holder’s
    nominated occupation and for the approved sponsor only. Must not
    cease employment for more than 60 days

  • Condition 8501: maintain health insurance while in
    Australia.

  • Condition 8608: must work only in the visa holder’s
    nominated occupation and for the approved sponsor only. Must not
    cease employment for more than 90 days

  • Condition 8578: Visa holder must notify DHA of any changes in
    residential address, email address, phone number, passport details,
    address of employer, address of location where person is employed
    within 14 days after the change occurs.

  • Condition 8579: must live, work and study in a designated
    regional area

  • Condition 8580: must provide evidence of visa holder’s
    residential address, address of each employer, address of location
    where person is employed, address of education institution attended
    within 28 days if requested by Minister in writing

  • Condition 8581: must attend an interview if requested by the
    Minister

The pros and cons of each visa

The 482 visa offers an easier pathway to permanent residency.
However, depending on your personal circumstances, the 494 might be
the more appropriate choice.







Visa Type Pro Con
Sc 482

  • Greater control over visa holders access to PR

  • Ability to tailor the visa length based on anticipated pathway
    to Permanent Residency

  • Lower threshold for entry (2 years’ experience)

  • More expensive when considering PR stage

  • Higher employer cost than 494 if selecting a longer
    duration

Sc 494

  • Lower employer costs

  • Lower employer cost when considering PR stage

  • Automatic 5 year nomination period

  • Broader range of occupations

  • Higher threshold for entry (Positive Skills Assessment + 3
    years’ experience)

  • Higher English Threshold (IELTS 6.0 in each band)

  • Higher visa cost

  • Visa conditions are more stringent

The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.

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