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Changes To Bulgaria’s Labour Code And Other Legislative Acts Are Now In Effect – Contract of Employment



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The Bulgarian Parliament has adopted new legislation that
introduces important changes to the Labour Code, the Social
Insurance Code and the Health Insurance Act. These new legislative
provisions are effective from 1 August 2022 and include several
amendments.

Amendments to employment must be announced in advance

Employers must notify their employees in writing of any
amendments made to their employment relationship no later than on
the date when such amendments enter into force, as opposed to one
month after such amendments are made, which was the previously
applicable period.

Shorter trial period is introduced for short-term
employees

Fixed-term employment agreements that are shorter than one year
can include a trial period of up to one month.

Limited non-compete during employment

Employers have a limited right to prohibit their employees from
working for another employer simultaneously. An employee’s
right to have a concurrent employment relationship can be limited
only to protect trade secrets and/or to prevent conflicts of
interest.

Employees are now explicitly entitled to suggest amendments to
their employment agreement

In addition to the employer, the employee can also suggest
amendments to their employment agreement in writing when it
concerns а fixed-term contract or part-time work. Employees
are entitled to this right only after the end of their trial
period. If the employer does not agree to the proposed amendments,
their reasoning for their decision must be provided to the employee
within one month.

Employers must ensure that employees are properly informed and
trained

Employers are now required to provide more information to their
employees, including information about the conditions for
employment termination, as well as about any training programs
available for the maintenance or upgrade of the employees’
professional qualification. Time spent participating in a training
program shall be considered as working hours. Any training costs
are borne by the employer.

New parental leave for fathers is introduced

Subject to some restrictions, the father of a child (eight years
old or younger) is entitled to an additional leave of up to two
months. In order to exercise this right, the employee must notify
the employer at least ten working days in advance. Fathers using
such leave are entitled to statutory compensation for the leave
period in accordance with amendments to the Social Insurance
Code.

Work-life balance need is recognised by the Bulgarian Labour
Code

Both mothers and fathers taking care of a child (eight years old
or younger) can request a temporary change in their employment
relationship for the purpose of creating a balance between work and
family-related obligations.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.

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