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Intellectual Property Trends In Bangladesh (2010-2022) – Trademark

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The Department of Patents, Designs and Trademarks (DPDT), under
the Ministry of Industries, Bangladesh, is a government body that
is responsible for granting patents, designs and trademarks
registrations in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh has recently brought amendments to its IP regime and
has also suffered the consequences of Covid-19, socially as well as
economically, like the rest of the world. We have previously
gathered and analyzed the statistical data provided by DPDT,
Bangladesh for the years 2004 to 2014 which can be accessed here. Now, we have gathered the statistical
data provided by the DPDT, Bangladesh for the past 12 years, from
the year 2010 to 2022, to study the changes observed in
applications and registrations of patents, designs and
trademarks.

Trademark Filing and Registration Trends in Bangladesh

In 2015, the Bangladesh government brought two changes to its
trademark laws. Firstly, it enacted the Trademark Rules, 2015 that
repealed the old Trademark Rules, 1963 and secondly, it brought
amendments to its Trademark Act, 2009. The new rules have allowed
the trademark applications to be filed in Bangla language as well.
This step certainly helps encourage the residents and locals to
file trademark applications independently.

Trademark Applications Received vs Certificates Issued

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In terms of trademark filing, there have been ups and downs in
the past decade. However, the number of applications have increased
by more than 50 per cent since 2010. Furthermore, the trademark
applications have gradually increased by 10 to 13 per cent since
2019. Even the onset of Covid-19 does not seem to have any effect
on the number of trademark filings received in the year 2020 and
2021.

On the other hand, in terms of trademark registrations, the
DPDT, Bangladesh granted 4522 registrations in the year 2015 which
is the highest number of registrations granted in its history. It
is a three-fold increase in comparison to registrations granted in
the year 2010. Since 2015, the number of registrations has dropped
by almost 12 per cent to 3945 in the year 2021. The DPDT performed
at its lowest during covid in the year 2020, handing out merely
1362 registrations. However, it experienced a speedy recovery in
2021 and granted three times more registrations.

Trademark Applications Received: Residents vs
Non-residents

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Trademark Applications Granted: Residents vs Non-residents

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It is interesting to note that the number of registrations
granted to non-residents is significantly higher than the number of
registrations granted to its residents. Furthermore, the ratio of
applications filed to registrations granted is less in case of
non-residents and more in case of residents.

Patents Filing and Registration Trends in Bangladesh

Patent Applications Received vs Patents Granted

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In terms of patents filing, the number of applications have
increased by 30 per cent from 342 in 2010 to 447 in 2021. No major
change has been observed in the year 2020 as w ell.

In terms of patents granted, the number has doubled from 137 in
2010 to 240 in 2021, marking the year as one in which the highest
number of patents were granted by DPDT, Bangladesh till date.

Patent Applications Received: Resident vs Non-resident

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Patents Granted: Resident vs Non-resident

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It is observed that the number of patent applications filed by
foreign applicants are considerably more than the number of
applications filed by the domestic applicants. As a result, the
same trend is also observed in terms of patents granted where
almost 80 to 90 per cent of the patents granted belong to the
foreign applicants.

Industrial Designs Filing and Registration Trends

The DPDT, Bangladesh has only released statistical data till the
year 2020 and is yet to publish figures for the year 2021.
Therefore, we have analyzed the data from the year 2010 to 2020
only.

Design Applications Received vs Designs Registered

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With respect to design applications filed, it is observed that
the total number of filings has increased by 38 per cent
from 896 applications in 2010 to 1241 applications in 2020. The
total number of applications peaked at 2014 in the year 2018 after
which it has declined to almost half its number in 2020.

In terms of designs registered, the numbers peaked in the year
2012 to 1156 registrations. However, the overall trend has suffered
a decline from 824 registrations in 2010 to 688 registrations in
2020. Furthermore, the gap between the applications filed and
registrations granted is minimal in the years 2010 and 2012. Since
2012, this gap has been consistently increasing till 2019 with a
slight relief in the year 2020.

Design Applications Received: Residents vs Non-residents

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Designs Registered; Residents vs Non-residents

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Contrary to the patent filing trends by the foreign applicants,
the number of design applications filed by foreign applicants are
miniscule whereas almost 90 to 95 per cent design applications are
filed by domestic applicants. However, the number of foreign
applications has seen a five-fold increase in the year 2012 after
which it has dropped to a mere 57 applications in 2020. All in all,
the area of design applications is still dominated by the domestic
applicants.

Conclusion

The Government of Bangladesh has made several changes in its IP
legal regime. The IP Policy 2018 brought by the Bangladesh
government with a mission to make Intellectual Property an
essential part of the national development plans and strategy has
seen positive changes in the area of trademark and patent filings
in terms of domestic applications. However, no such change has been
observed in case of industrial design applications.

The government has also decided to repeal its old Patents and
Designs Act, 1911 and replace it with Bangladesh Patent Act, 2022
for patents and another act for industrial designs for which a
draft of Bangladesh Industrial Design Bill, 2021 has already been
approved by the cabinet. These steps are taken to diversify and
bifurcate the two areas.

The government has recognized the important role of Intellectual
Property rights in the development of economic status of a country
and is taking active steps to develop its IP laws and bolster the
same. The Bangladesh IP regime has undergone major changes in its
IP regime and its effects will surely be reflected in the next
decade.

Source: Department of Patents, Designs and Trademarks,
Bangladesh
http://www.dpdt.gov.bd/

For further information please contact at S.S Rana &
Co. email: info@ssrana.in or call at (+91- 11 4012 3000).
Our website can be accessed at
www.ssrana.in

The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.

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