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Head of Retail, Andrew Denye, has offered his comments
News on how Britain’s Cineworld, the world’s
second-biggest cinema chain, has filed for bankruptcy protection in
the US in a move that has left landlords across the country staring
down the barrel of widespread anchor-unit closures.
The group operates 751 movie theatres including more than 500 in
the US, as well as more than 100 in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
In Britain it also owns the Picturehouse chain.
Cineworld said in a statement that it had filed for Chapter 11
protection, a court-supervised restructuring in the US that gives
companies breathing space to negotiate with creditors on debt.
It confirmed it will try to renegotiate leases, while existing
management will stay in post.
It added that it aims to emerge from bankruptcy proceedings in
the first quarter of 2023 and had secured $1.94 billion in
financing from existing lenders.
Landlords across the country will clearly be concerned that a
key tenant in major developments is about to exit, or seek to
sublet space, with the recent disappearance of department stores
such as Debenhams from the high street and malls a worrying
precedent in terms of scale.
Andrew says Cineworld appeared to be facing a perfect storm of
the dramatic impact of COVID-19 on cinema attendance, followed by
the cost of living crisis and finally the problem that not enough
“top-notch” films are being produced.
“Then they have a significant amount of debt. And it is
almost a classic case of ‘big is not always best’ as they
have a huge number of big buildings at a time when for numerous
reasons cinemagoers don’t really need all that space. There is
talk of a sizeable chunk of money there to help them, but a problem
is the market has moved to the high end with Everyman, or lower
end, and Cineworld has tracked through the middle to a
In terms of what lease negotiations with landlords will look
like, Denye said Cinewold may choose the company voluntary
arrangement route, a method of restructuring real estate in the UK
that has been much less used in the past 12 months as market
conditions have improved for retailers and leisure operators.
CVAs are legally binding agreements with a company’s
creditors to allow a proportion of its debts to be paid back over
time and need 75% of the creditors, by value, to support the
proposal. For a review of why they have been controversial in the
UK and why they have been few and far between recently click here.
What Ever Happened to the Landlord Fight Against CVAs?
“They may go the CVA route which immediately solves the
negotiation point as it is what it is. If they try to renegotiate
leases, because their spaces are so large they are effectively an
anchor so ultimately landlords will do what they can to help them
keep the doors open; the alternative is going to be very
That is because fitting out a cinema is extremely expensive and
the auditorium for instance is more difficult to repurpose than for
instance department store space.
“It is going to require a sizeable cheque,” Denye
agrees. “We will see closures, that is clear, but we also
might see them try to carve out underlet portions of
Denye said there is a real prospect of more CVAs again this year
“I think, that 2021 we saw an improvement in conditions for
retail and leisure as people got out and about. But I think the
energy crisis will have a dramatic impact and even this week I have
seen occupiers put things on pause citing the cost of
In terms of Cineworld’s likely cause of action Denye says it
is too early to tell. “All we know is what they have done in
the States, but landlords up and down the country will be expecting
a phone call or more likely will be making a phone call. It is a
genuine asset management challenge.” Recently Cineworld was on
the losing end of a critical legal battle over COVID-19 rent
arrears which will also be a backdrop to negotiations.
London Trocadero and the Bank of New York Mellon were backed at
the Court of Appeal in linked landlord test cases against
Picturehouse Cinemas and Cine-UK in a decision with major
implications for commercial landlords and tenant negotiations in
England and Wales. A three-judge panel dismissed the two claims
from the tenants ultimately including Cine-UK and Cineworld. The
Trocadero case against Picturehouse Group related to £2.9
million of specific rent arrears owed, but many other landlords and
tenants have been awaiting the decision. For a review of three
critical cases focused on the matter during the pandemic click here.
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