KYIV — Ukraine called for new sanctions on Russia and warned about the consequences of catastrophe at Europe’s biggest nuclear plant, where fresh shelling nearby has renewed a blame game between both sides.
The world nuclear watchdog has warned of disaster if the fighting does not stop. Ukrainian and Russian-installed officials have traded accusations over who is responsible for attacks close to the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant in southern Ukraine.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy has warned Russian soldiers that if they attack the site in the now Russian-controlled city of Enerhodar, or use it as a base to shoot from, then they will become a “special target.”
In his late Monday-night address, Zelenskiy sought a tougher world response on the Kremlin.
“If through Russia’s actions a catastrophe occurs the consequences could hit those who for the moment are silent,” he said, calling for new sanctions on Russia’s nuclear sector.
“If now the world does not show strength and decisiveness to defend one nuclear power station, it will mean that the world has lost.”
Vladimir Rogov, a Russia-installed official in Enerhodar, said on Monday that about 25 heavy artillery strikes from U.S.-made M777 howitzers had hit near the nuclear plant and residential areas in a two-hour period.
Russia’s Interfax news agency, quoting the press service of Enerhodar’s Russian-appointed administration, said Ukrainian forces had opened fire, with blasts near the power plant.
But according to the head of the administration of the Nikopol district, which lies across the river from Enerhodar and remains under Ukrainian control, it was Russian forces that had shelled the city to try to make it appear that Ukraine was attacking it.
“The Russians think they can force the world to comply with their conditions by shelling the Zaporizhzhia NPP (nuclear power plant),” Andriy Yermak, chief of the Ukrainian presidential staff, wrote on Twitter.
Reuters could not immediately verify battlefield reports.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which is seeking access to the plant, has warned of possible disaster. Nuclear experts fear fighting might damage the plant’s spent fuel pools or reactors.
U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called for the establishment of a demilitarized zone around Zaporizhzhia.
The United Nations says it has the logistics and security capacity to support an IAEA visit if both Russia and Ukraine agree.
Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu held a phone call with Guterres to discuss conditions for the safe functioning of the plant, the ministry said on Monday.
“In close cooperation with the agency and its leadership, we will do everything necessary for the IAEA specialists to be at the station and give a truthful assessment of the destructive actions of the Ukrainian side,” Russia’s foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.
Ukraine, where parliament on Monday extended martial law for a further three months, has said for weeks it is planning a counteroffensive to recapture Zaporizhzhia and neighboring Kherson province, the largest part of the territory Russia seized after its Feb. 24 invasion and still holds.
The conflict, which has caused millions to flee and killed thousands, has put major strain on relations between Moscow and the West.
Russia late on Monday said that British reconnaissance aircraft violated its air border at a peninsula east of Finland between the Barents Sea and the White Sea, and that a fighter jet forced the British aircraft out of Russian airspace.
Britain’s defense ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday boasted of Russia’s advanced weapons capabilities, but his military has been beaten back from Ukraine’s two biggest cities and is making slow headway, at heavy cost, in the east of the country.
Russia calls its invasion of Ukraine a “special military operation” to demilitarize its neighbor and protect Russian-speaking communities. Ukraine and Western backers accuse Moscow of waging an imperial-style war of conquest.
Ukrainian forces reported on Monday evening that Russian forces were engaged in shelling to advance on a wide variety of frontline positions in the east and south.
Even as the biggest attack on a European state since 1945 ground on, there was progress on a grain deal to ease a global food crisis created by the conflict, the most significant diplomatic breakthrough achieved since the war began.
The Joint Coordination Centre, set up by the United Nations, Russia, Ukraine and Turkey, said it had approved the departure of the Brave Commander, the first humanitarian food aid cargo bound for Africa from Ukraine since the invasion. It is set to leave on Tuesday.
(Reporting by Reuters bureaux; Writing by Costas Pitas; Editing by Rosalba O’Brien)