Visa Inc, the world’s largest payments processor, on Saturday said it will implement a new merchant category code for U.S. gun retailers, which will identify transactions at firearms stores.
The International Organization for Standardization on Friday approved creation of the merchant code following pressure from gun-control activists who say it will help track suspicious weapons purchases.
“Following ISO’s decision to establish a new merchant category code, Visa will proceed with next steps, while ensuring we protect all legal commerce on the Visa network in accordance with our long-standing rules,” Visa said in a statement.
Credit card processors use codes to identify sales by sector such as grocery stores, restaurants and more. Gun stores have been included in a broader retail category.
The code will show where an individual spends money but not what items were purchased.
Several top U.S. pension funds including those for government workers in New York City and California had submitted shareholder resolutions asking payment companies to weigh in on the issue.
Visa’s move to adopt the new code will pressure other payment processors like Mastercard In and American Express Co to follow suit.
Some gun-rights activists have worried the new code could lead to unauthorized surveillance.
Mass shootings this year, including at a Texas elementary school that killed 19 children and two teachers, have added to the long-running U.S. debate over gun control.
U.S. President Joe Biden has called for Congress to pass an assault weapons ban as well as $37 billion for crime prevention programs, with $13 billion to hire and train an additional 100,000 police officers over the next five years. (Reporting by Mrinmay Dey in Bengaluru; Editing by Cynthia Osterman)